Investigation of Sports Spaces with Passive Defense Approach in Ardabil City

Document Type : Original research papers


1 Department of physical education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences & Psychology. University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. Ardabil, Iran

2 Department of Sport Management and Biomechanics, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.

3 Department of physical education and sport sciences, Faculty of education sciences and psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

4 Department of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.


Sports spaces are part of public spaces that have been considered as a need due to population growth and a high percentage of leisure time in society. The construction of sports spaces and places requires a lot of money and it is necessary to determine their optimal location in a way that all citizens can use them effectively and safely. By understanding this importance and getting to know more about passive defense and its factors and components, as well as its impact on the security of spaces, it is possible to identify ways to reduce damages, wastes, and losses. Therefore, the present study was conducted to study sports spaces with a passive defense approach with the case of Ardabil city. This study was a descriptive and field study. The statistical population of this study consists of 68 parcels with sports use in Ardabil, all of which were included in the study using the census method. In the framework of the discussion of optimal criteria in locating urban functions with the passive defense approach, 30 indexes in the form of 6 components of compatibility, comfort, desirability, efficiency, health, and safety and passive defense standards were prepared. The scattering pattern of sports spaces was evaluated using the nearest neighborhood average method. Also, the collected data were weighed in Super Decision software, then mapped in GIS, and finally, zoning was done using the TOPSIS technique. The results obtained from the studies show that the pattern of scattering of sports spaces in Ardabil is appropriate. In addition, six suitable locations for the establishment of sports centers with a passive defense approach in the city of Ardabil were identified that the location of sports facilities in urban areas can be analyzed in the scientific method and get good results. It is suggested that the managers of the General Department of Sports and Youth of Ardabil Province use the areas prioritized in this research to create a sports site in order to meet the goals of passive defense.


Main Subjects

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